Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are spread by sexual contact and can severe damage your body resulting in pain, difficulties achieving pregnancy, and even death. STDs are transmitted by contact with skin, genitals, mouth, rectum, and other body fluids. Symptoms of STDs may remain unnoticed in one person while in another person cause significant health issues. Many STDs can be cured with antibiotics; however, some viral STDs cannot be cured but symptoms can be treated.
Risk factors for STDs include:
- Multiple sexual partners
- A partner with more than one sexual partner
- Sex with someone with a known STD History of previous STD
- Use of IV drugs or a partner that uses IV drugs like heroin
Testing for STDs may include pelvic examination with cultures for bacteria, sampling or biopsy of any lesions or ulcers, culture of urine for gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and trichomoniasis, and blood work.
An annual pap smear may detect many STDs but not all STDs can be detected with a pap test.