An ovarian cyst is a sac that forms on the ovary typically filled with fluid. It is common for a woman during her childbearing years to develop one or more cysts every month as part of the normal menstrual cycle. In most cases, ovarian cysts are benign, harmless, and will go away on their own without any intervention from a physician. Rarely, cysts turned out to be malignant.
Ovarian cysts are typically small and do not cause any symptoms. However, some cysts may develop to become larger in size and have associated dull or sharp ache-like pains at rest or during certain activities. If large enough, the cyst may cause the ovary to twist leading to severe pain and discomfort.
Evaluation of cysts consists of examination, ultrasound, at times blood work, and laparoscopy. Treatment for ovarian cysts may include observation over a period of months, medications to control ovulation, and or surgery to remove cysts or an entire ovary.